Bathers (Les Grandes Baigneuses)
標題: Bathers (Les Grandes Baigneuses)
建立者: Paul Cézanne
建立日期: about 1894-1905
實際尺寸: 127.2 x 196.1 cm
材質: Oil on canvas
More Info: Explore the National Gallery’s paintings online
Inventory number: NG6359
Artist Dates: 1839 - 1906
Artist Biography: Cézanne was associated with the Impressionists, but always had other aims. He said that his ambition was to 'make of Impressionism something solid and durable like the art of museums'. Cézanne's work was discovered by the Paris avant-garde during the 1890s. It had a significant influence on Picasso and the development of 20th-century art. Cézanne's boyhood in Provence was dominated by his father, a wealthy banker, and his friend Emile Zola. Under family pressure, he trained as a lawyer in his native Aix while attending lessons at the local drawing academy. After moving to Paris he attended a private art school (the Académie Suisse). Cézanne absorbed many influences, including those of Courbet and Manet, in his early years. In his early works, he often imitated Courbet, applying thick layers of paint with a palette knife. He later told Renoir that it took him twenty years to realize that painting was not sculptured. In the 1880s his brushwork became increasingly systematic and ordered. He worked slowly and methodically, selecting subjects he could study for long periods.
Acquisition Credit: Purchased with a special grant and the aid of the Max Rayne Foundation, 1964
In such works, Cézanne was reinterpreting a long tradition of paintings with nude figures in the landscape by artists such as Titian and Poussin. While the subjects of their works were taken from classical myths, Cézanne did not use direct literary sources. Instead, his central theme was the harmony of the figures with the landscape expressed through solid forms, strict architectonic structure, and the earth tones of the bodies. When exhibited in 1907, this painting became an inspiration for the nascent Cubist movement; both Picasso and Matisse took a strong interest in it.